Education is an important asset for the advancement of the nation, therefore, every citizen should and must receive additional education, good early childhood education, elementary education, secondary education or higher. In the field of education a child from birth requires appropriate services in meeting the educational needs along with understanding of the characteristics of children according to the growth and development will greatly assist in customizing the learning process for children by age, needs and conditions of each, both intellectually, emotionally and social.
Before speaking further, what is early childhood education? Early childhood education (ECD) is the level of education prior to primary education, which is a development effort aimed bagianak from birth until the age of six years through the provision of educational stimulation to assist the growth and development of mind and body so that children have the readiness to enter school Further, organized in formal, non-formal, and informal.
Why is early childhood education so important?
Based on the research results about 50% of adult intelligence kapabilitaas have occurred when the child was 4, 8 0% there has been a rapid development of the brain tissue when the child is 8 years old and peaked when the child was 18 years old, and after it was done though improved nutrition will have no effect on cognitive development.
This means that the development that occurs within the first 4 years as great as the developments in the next 14-year period. So that this period is a critical period for children, which were obtained during the period development is very influential on the development of the next period to adulthood. While this golden age only comes once, so that means all will be lost if the missed chances.
According to Byrnes, early childhood education would give children prepare to face the days ahead, the closest is the face of the school. "Currently, some kindergartens have asked children who want to enroll students there are able to read and count. In the kindergarten had already started to be taught social skills and problem solving. Because of the abilities that was to be established at an early age, "said Byrnes.
Furthermore, according to Byrnes, that early childhood education is important, because in the age of the child is the best form of education. At this age children should form themselves to face the school readiness and future. The best investment you can give to children is to prepare their education at an early age.
There are two purposes why it needs to be held early childhood education, namely:
The main purpose: to create quality children, the children grow and develop in accordance with the level of development that has an optimal readiness in entering basic education and through life in adulthood.
Comorbid purpose: to help prepare children achieve learning readiness (academic) at the school.
In short, early childhood education is a form of education that focuses on laying the foundation toward the growth and physical development (fine and gross motor coordination), intellect (the intellect, creativity, emotional intelligence, spiritual intelligence), socio-emotional (attitude and behavior and religion) language and communication, according to the uniqueness and developmental stages through which early childhood.
What is the difference children who received early childhood education at a quality institution with children who did not receive early childhood education?
According to Byrnes (Winning the title of Woman of the Year on the Vitasoy Australia) in early childhood education institutions are good, children will learn to be an independent person, a strong social, confident, has a great curiosity, can take an idea, develop ideas, go to another school and ready to learn, quick to adapt, and a passion for learning.